Patient Education

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is primarily the result of diabetes damaging the normal blood vessels in the retina. It is the most common cause of visual impairment in the United States.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a very common eye problem and the most frequent cause of visual impairment in people older than 60.

Macular Pucker

Also known as an epiretinal membrane or wrinkled retina, a macular pucker occurs when a thin layer of scar tissue forms on the surface of the retina.

Macular Hole

A macular hole develops from the gradual shrinkage of the vitreous, which pulls on the surface of the retina surrounding the macula - the special part of the retina that gives us our clearest and sharpest central vision.

Flashes and Floaters

When we are born, vitreous gel fills the eye. As part of the normal aging process, the gel begins to shrink and starts to separate from the surface of the retina.